The sensitivity of infertility in women has been acknowledged globally, and India specifically has experienced a rise of 20-30 % in the last 5 years. A woman who has never been able to conceive a child will be diagnosed with primary infertility, while a woman who has had a prior pregnancy that resulted in a baby will be identified as having secondary infertility.
However, there are various treatments such as stem cell treatment in India that give hope to people who are looking for a safe and effective alternative cure method for females with infertility. Choose Global Stem Cell India who is offering the best treatment to patients with different conditions including infertility with the help of the latest cutting-edge technologies and expertise.
The blog provides key insights to those considering pregnancy, such as important information they should be aware of. It offers enlightenment on a variety of topics for hopeful parents looking to start their families.
Let’s dive into the topic with some basic understanding of female infertility
Overview of Female Infertility
Heterosexual couples who experience difficulty in conceiving a child are said to suffer from infertility. Diagnoses of infertility are usually made after one year of trying to get pregnant without success (but may be identified quicker depending on external factors). In heterosexual couples, 33% of infertility issues can be linked to the male, 33% to the female, and the remaining percentage to a combination of factors or unknown sources.
Whenever the cause of fertility issues is found to be from the female partner, the condition can be deemed as “female factor” infertility.
What is the Frequency of Female Infertility?
It is estimated that roughly 10% of women deal with infertility of some sort. Moreover, the risk of being infertile tends to increase with age. In other words, infertility is a relatively common medical issue.
Know the Common Causes of Female Infertility
It can be difficult to identify the precise cause of infertility; in some cases, a couple may experience unexplained or multifactorial infertility (caused by multiple factors, including both male and female). Possible causes of female infertility could include:
- Issues with uterus
- Problems with the fallopian tubes
- Troubles with egg quality and number
- Problems with the ovulation cycle
What are the Risk Factors of Female Infertility?
The risk of female infertility can be impacted by a variety of factors such as overall health, inherited genetic qualities, individual lifestyle decisions, and the age of the woman. Examples of particular causes of infertility may include:
- Hormonal fluctuation that prevents ovulation
- Abnormal menstrual cycle
- Being underweight
- Excessive substance
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Autoimmune disorders such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid, and many more
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
Now let’s know about the various types of female infertility
Various Types of Infertility in Women
According to various studies, there are mainly four major types and causes of infertility, each described below.
- Ovulation disorders
Infrequent ovulation or the complete absence of ovulation is one of women’s most common causes of infertility. This is caused by irregular production of reproductive hormones by the hypothalamus or pituitary gland and can manifest in various forms, such as:
- PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
- High prolactin
- Hypothalamus dysfunction
- Premature ovarian failure
- Tubal infertility
Fallopian tubes can be blocked or damaged, preventing an egg from entering it and resulting in tubal infertility. These blockages and damages may be caused by several factors, such as:
- An infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes, called Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, can be caused by gonorrhea or other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs).
- Previous operations performed on the pelvis or abdomen.
Endometriosis, a type of female infertility, occurs when uterine tissues grow outside the uterus. In these cases, surgery can remove the extra tissues, however, the procedure may cause scarring which can obstruct the fallopian tubes. Furthermore, endometriosis can damage a fertilized egg.
- Uterine or Cervical
Sometimes, females may experience infertility due to cervical or uterine issues, which can prevent successful egg implantation and lead to miscarriage. These causes can range from:
- Fibroids, that is very common in the uterus
- Unusually shaped uterus
- Cervical stenosis
- The inability of the cervix to secrete mucus, which would allow sperm to travel more easily into the uterus.
In some instances, infertility in females may not have a known root cause. It is also possible for infertility to be caused by a combination of factors affecting both the male and female partners.
Treatment Option for Infertility in Women: How Stem Cell Therapy Works
Stem cells are a specialized type of cell that is capable of developing into multiple forms of cells, with eggs being one of them. To use stem cell treatment to improve female infertility, stem cells are extracted from a patient’s body and injected into the patient’s ovaries. These stem cells mature into eggs, which are then artificially inseminated in a lab setting. Once fertilized, the embryos are implanted into the uterus, potentially allowing the patient to conceive.
In certain infertility cases due to genetic issues or harm to the ovaries, stem cell treatment may offer a potential solution. This involves using stem cells to fix the damaged tissues and formulate new eggs.
Potential Benefits of Stem Cell Treatment
Studies are ongoing to explore the potential of stem cell therapy to revolutionize treatments for female infertility. While research is ongoing, some potential benefits of stem cell therapy in combating female infertility include:
- Stem cells may have the potential to develop into oocytes (eggs). By harnessing the regenerative properties of stem cells, it may be possible to increase the number of available eggs and improve their quality.
- These cells have the ability to differentiate into various cell types, including ovarian cells. This opens up the possibility of using stem cells to regenerate damaged or depleted ovarian tissue, potentially restoring or improving ovarian function and hormone production.
- They have shown potential in regenerating uterine tissue, which could be beneficial for women with uterine abnormalities or scarring.
- Stem cells can be derived from the patient’s own body (autologous stem cells) or from other sources. Using autologous stem cells minimizes the risk of rejection or immune reactions, making it a potentially safe and viable treatment option.
Global Stem Cell Care is a top Indian fertility clinic that provides stem cell treatment for female infertility. The team of highly skilled and qualified physicians customizes treatment plans for each patient by taking into account a range of factors including age and the cause of infertility. However, if you are an international patient and want to know more about the treatment procedure and another test you can contact our team members or check out our international patient guide for more details.