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WHAT ARE MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS (MSCS)?
MSCs are adult stem cells confined from various sources that can distinguish into other cell types. In human beings, these sources are bone marrow, amniotic fluid, or umbilical cord.
Mesenchymal stem cells are also known as stromal stem cells and can differentiate into many other types of cells within the body. And these include:
|Cartilage||Muscle cells||Bone cells||Skin cells||Neural cells|
MSCs are mainly found in the bone marrow of every person and remain in resting mode until called up to promote healing in the body. Unfortunately, they age as we age, and their effectiveness and quantity decrease over the time.
Sources of Mesenchymal Stem Cells
For many years, professionals accept that MSCs are only found in the human bone marrow. But after many research studies, they found that there are several sources for MSCs, including adipose tissue, umbilical cord, and amniotic fluid.
The cells obtained from cord tissue are the most basic and the youngest MSCs available. After childbirth, the umbilical cords were simply discarded, so this source is not harmful and easily available. These young cells allow themselves to transform into any cell that is necessary within the body. They can also replicate fast and multiply to increase the body’s healing ability.
A stem cell is only as good as its source, as the treatments that utilize MSCs from a patient’s fat tissues have shown weak or uncertain responses.
Clinical Applications of Mesenchymal Stem Cells
By collecting MSCs from donated cord tissues and enlarging them to higher figures, the medical association has created the capacity to regenerate a person’s stem cell count through transplantation with highly competent cells.
- MSCs are immunopriviledged
These cells have shown the potentiality to ignore harmful responses from a person’s immune system, allowing the cells to transplant without any fear of rejection. In addition, these transposes increase the body’s natural healing properties and have potent immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory reactions.
- Mesenchymal stem cells can treat different conditions
MSCs have been used to cure many autoimmune diseases such as neuropathy, intellectual disabilities, autism, Parkinson’s, and many more. These MSCs therapy allows the individual’s body to heal itself. In lots of cases, this approves for a substantial increase in the quality of the patient’s life.
Now, most people will think about the side effects of MSCs therapy, then let us tell there are very few adverse effects have been found by the researchers, with the primary drawback being the need for repetitive treatments. Eventually, the cells become used so that a patient’s healing capacity will return to normal over a few years. Although, many patient reports have shown the effects of therapy that last up to 5-10 years.