In addition to these strategies for managing one’s condition, stem cells for autism appear to represent an intriguing treatment approach. Several forms of stem cells are also being studied to see how they can help people with autism.
The following cell types prove to be the most promising:
1. Stem cells from umbilical cord blood – Scientists hypothesise that these cells may be a potent tool for generation of new blood vessel growth in the autistic brain.
2. Mesenchymal stem cells (from bone marrow or fat tissue) – Researchers suggest that these cells may help with the digestive effects and neurological problems correlated with autism.
While science is still in its early stages, exciting clinical evidence is starting to emerge. With these treatments making strides, it seems that a true, long-term cure for autism could be on the horizon.
To grasp this modern path to autism care, it’s first important to understand stem cell therapy in its own right. Likewise, it is vital to comprehend autism, its possible triggers, how stem cells could help, and what the future holds for this promising solution.
What Is Stem Cell Therapy and How Does It Work?
Treatments of stem cells are complicated and, in many cases, only hypothetical. However, scientists already have a solid idea about what stem cells are and how they function. In a nutshell, these “master cells” are undifferentiated and capable of transforming into a vast range of more complex cells.
Hematopoietic stem cells, for example, give birth to many of the many types of blood stem cells in our bodies, which number in the thousands. Another kind of stem cell is mesenchymal stem cells. This form of stem cell has a remarkable ability to suppress inflammation, fibrosis (scarring), and have a beneficial effect on the immune system.
Other stem cells are in charge of different body tissues. The core, teeth, liver, eyes, fat, and a variety of other tissues include master cells. Researchers will now compel certain stem cells to return to an even less distinct condition using cutting-edge laboratory methods, resulting in induced pluripotent stem cells.
These one-of-a-kind cells have the ability to transform into every tissue in the human body. Physicians might (theoretically) reconstruct our tissues from the ground up by replacing broken body parts if they could inject them into affected regions.
As a result, stem cell treatment for autism proposes to “rewrite” the bodily mechanisms that trigger autism. See this BioInformant video to read more about the various forms of stem cells.
What Are the Causes of Autism?
Although the causes of autism are still unknown and debated, evidence does point to two main agents:
1. Low oxygen levels in some areas of the brain
2. Inflammation in the intestines induced by a faulty immune system
Fragile X syndrome, brain cancer, brain bleeding, lacking metabolic enzymes, and measles in the mother during pregnancy are also possible triggers.
What Is the Function of Stem Cells in Autism Treatment?
The mechanism of using stem cells to treat autism is not well known. This is due to the fact that the molecular processes by which cells perform their effects are still under investigation.
In general, though, stem cell therapies follow a predictable pattern.
These measures are as follows:
• Physicians may take stem cells from a patient’s own body (autologous) or from another patient or a blood bank (allogeneic).
• They prepare the patient’s stem cells by dividing the important cells and mixing them with hormones and growth factors as required.
• The stem cells are injected or infused into the patient by doctors.
Doctors and parents then keep an eye on the child to see whether he or she has improved. In certain instances, the patient will need several stem cell doses to achieve amounts large enough for the cells to function in the infected regions.
These cells will gravitate toward the infected region over time, unconsciously “fixing” the broken structures.