Stem cells (SCs) have the aptitude to develop into several other kinds of cells. Totipotent cells identified as blastomeres have the supplementary aptitude to develop into an individual creature. Pluripotent cells can develop into any type of cell. Multipotent cells can develop into an assortment of cells in a given lineage like connective tissue cells or epithelial cells. Pluripotent cells consist of embryonic stem cells, certain cells isolated from umbilical cord blood, and adult stem cells which are found in bone marrow, the brain and other sites. Overall, SCs might be able to offer replacement tissue for treatment of several life-threatening ailments. If you ask what diseases can be cured with stem cells, specialized cells and tissues derived from SCs might be used to cure Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease), cancer, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophies and rheumatoid arthritis.
Also, research on SCs may lead to the aptitude to grow organs like the heart, kidney, liver and pancreas. These brand-new organs would be used for transplantation, resolving the ongoing severe scarcities of appropriate available replacements. Eventually it might be possible to grow organs from stem cells derived from an individual’s own somatic cells (such as a skin cell). A skin cell would be reprogrammed to become an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS cell) and the iPS cell would be linked to become a kidney, liver, or whatsoever organ was required. The amazing advantage of being able to use iPS cells is that the donor and the receiver are the same individual. The organ created is an automatic immunologic match, therefore sidestepping the requirement for immunosuppressive drugs. Treatment of a kid with leukemia would no longer necessitate a time-consuming and perhaps unproductive exploration for a bone marrow donor. Those requiring a new kidney or new lung could offer skin cells which would be directed to grow the required organ. Replacement portions would no longer be sought from parents, siblings or first cousins. Graft-versus-host disease, which has the possibility to kill the receiver, would be eradicated by using the patient’s own tissue to create the transplant.
SC research will also result in new developments in gene therapy for disorders like muscular dystrophy and Huntington’s disease. Presently, a significant roadblock to efficacious gene therapy is the mechanism of delivery of the replacement genes. Initial methodologies packaged the replacement genes into viruses, using the viral subdivisions as the as the delivery vector. The arena of gene therapy efficiently came to an unexpected halt in 1999 when a teenager died because of being cured with such a viral vector. Insertion of replacement genes in stem cells derived from the patient will eradicate the likelihood of such harms.
- Prosperous treatment of chronic disease.
- Prosperous treatment of genetic disease.
- Decelerating of the aging process.
- Organ transplantation.
- Enhanced approaches of treating severe injuries.
Stem cell research and the likelihood of regenerative medicine are pointing the way toward improved health and welfare for hundreds of millions of individuals across the globe. Several practical roadblocks remain and there are various imposing challenges in this pristine field. The key is to make possible continuing research. In history of cellular medicine, stem cell therapy technology is an uprising. It is body’s self-repair procedure. In its earliest portion, unspecialized cells are inserted into a human body. These cells can renovate themselves and they have aptitude to create new cells. This aids in the procedure of treating the disease. These injected cells are rapid learners. They can distinguish between healthy cells and diseased cells. When a patient is injected with these immature cells, they begin doing their work. As they reach the diseased region, they begin learning and distinguishing amid the cells. After this procedure, regeneration and manufacture of new cells and replacement process begins. In this portion, injected cells work together with blood vessels to make novel cells. Doctors believe that via this technology, our aging procedure can be decelerated. Medical science is doing miracles by using this recently designed technology. Parkinson’s is one those ailments that can be treated via stem cell therapy. A patient who is not able to move or change his position effortlessly can do these errands well after getting the treatment. The patient’s hoary cells are replaced with the new ones that offer essential stimulus to our nervous system because of which it begins working routinely. This technology can be used for curing cancer patients. This is equally advantageous for heart impairment patients because it can partake in the generation of heart muscle cells too. This technology is a worthy news for blind individuals too because medical science will be able to fight with blindness more efficiently. Other neural ailments and brain damage complications can also be treated via stem cell therapy.