What is the difference between a stem cell and a pluripotent stem cell?
Adult stem cells are essentially “blank” cells and can differentiate into every cell group in the body, including skin cells, muscle cells, and nerve cells. Adult stem cell treatment may be used to replace or even restore damaged tissues and cells, acting as a natural healing mechanism for the body and still replenishing other cells. Following traumatic brain injury, new study from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) shows that stem cell treatment can potentially decrease neuroinflammation, protect brain tissue, and increase cognitive performance (TBI). Adult neural stem cells, on the other hand, have been shown to have regenerative and reparative effects in the management of central nervous system disorders and diseases in other trials.
HOW DOES STEM CELL THERAPY Function IN THE TREATMENT OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY?
As a result of neuroplasticity, stem cell therapy for traumatic brain damage activates nerves. We are not just forming fresh cells, but we are still reinforcing continuing neuroplasticity. During stem cell therapy for traumatic brain injury, a variety of stem cells may be used.
Neural cells may be formed from bone marrow stem cells. They aid in the recovery of injured brain tissue after a traumatic brain injury. The stem cells that are sent to the brain will help to rebuild and regenerate new blood vessels. The regeneration of brain injury is aided by the development of new axons, neurogenesis, and fresh connectivity between neurons. Some growth and neurotrophic factors aid in neuron defence restoration.
Via replication and differentiation, stem cell therapy for traumatic brain injury aims to replace dead cells. This reaches astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and endothelial cells in the nervous system, resulting in a functional change. To summarise, stem cell therapy for traumatic brain injury in India is a promising treatment for Head Injury that allows the affected region to recover faster.
Cord Blood Stem Cells and Brain Damage
About 55 research studies are looking at the use of cord blood stem cells in the treatment of cerebral injury. Since spinal tissue is lost when the brain swells inside the confined area inside the head, all of the complications correlated with traumatic brain injury arise. Cord blood stem cells seem to have the capacity to break through the brain’s defensive membranes to penetrate the brain, according to new research. These stem cells help to initiate recovery and foster regeneration until they reach the brain. While the exact mechanism by which cord blood stem cells accomplish this remains unknown, existing hypotheses propose that a mixture of potent properties such as anti-inflammatory, growth factors, and circulation boosters could be the secret. They are thought to migrate directly to weakened regions of the brain, where they increase blood supply, regrow blood vessels, and reduce inflammation, allowing healthy new neural cells to mature in place of damaged tissue. Stem cells can cure Brain injury and cerebral issues!